Project management is a carefully planned and organized effort to accomplish a successful project. A project is a one-time effort that produces a specific result, for example, a remediation plan or an emergency mitigation plan. This is in contrast to a program, which is 1) an ongoing process, such as a quality control program, or 2) an activity to manage a series of multiple projects together.
Project management includes developing a project plan, which includes defining and confirming the project goals and objectives, identifying tasks and how goals will be achieved, quantifying the resources needed, and determining budgets and timelines for completion. It also includes managing the implementation of the project plan, along with operating regular ‘controls’ to ensure that there is accurate and objective information on ‘performance’ relative to the plan, and the mechanisms to implement recovery actions where necessary.
Projects usually follow major phases or stages (with various titles for these), including feasibility, definition, project planning, implementation, evaluation and support/maintenance:
Feasibility Studies — Is the Project Worth Doing?
Project Planning — How Do We Determine Project’s Outcomes, Goals and Objectives?
Resource Allocation — What Do We Need to Implement the Plan (People, Money and Scheduling)?
Risk Management Analysis — What Could Go Wrong?
Ethical Analysis of Project — Are We In Conformance, Morally and Legally?
Implementation of Project Plan — How Do We Ensure Implementation While Managing Change?
Earned Value Management — How Do We Measure Progress and Results?
Communicating Your Plans and Status — What Do We Communicate to Whom and When?
Evaluating Projects and Results — How Do We Evaluate Implementation and Project Results?
When Projects Are in Trouble — How Do We Avoid Pitfalls and What Do We Do If They Occur?